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Today, many Holy Cross priests continue to work for the university, including as its president. Notre Dame rose to national prominence in the early s for its Fighting Irish football teamespecially under the guidance of the legendary coach Knute Rockne. Theodore Hesburgh between and as Hesburgh's administration greatly increased the university's resources, academic programs, and reputation and first enrolled women undergraduates in In bishop of VincennesRight Rev.
Basil MoreauC. When enough funds were raised, Moreau chose a young and energetic priest Rev. Edward Sorin to lead the effort. Accompanied by six brothers, Fr. On the third day, they South Bend rising lady out for Indiana. The lack of funds and the harsh winter made life in the farm difficult, especially since the men were all French and not experts in American farming; the situation was made worse by the tense relationship between Fr. In the early months ofFr. Sorin started to conceive the idea of founding a college, although one was already present in Vincennes the College of St.
Gabriel, which failed soon after. Initially, Fr. Sorin thought of founding the college there in St Peters, but he met the opposition of the bishop who lamented that this was not in the original plans and it conflicted with the existence of St. Gabriel's college. However, the bishops also stated that he was not against a founding of a college elsewhere, provided that this effort would not prevent him his Brothers from accomplishing their education duties. Near the end of October the bishop offered Sorin certain lands at the furthermost limits of the diocese, in the virtually unsettled area of northern Indiana, just a few miles from the southern boundary of the state of Michigan.
These acres of land had been bought between and by Rev. Stephen Badinthe first priest ordained on the United States. He had come to the area in invited by chief Leopold Pokagon to administer the mission of St. Maries des Lacs to the Potawatomi tribe.
Father Petit died soon after, severely ill from the march. Bach acquired another acres of land, but then decided he could not undertake the project and returned everything to the bishop. Hence, in the bishop offered the acres to Sorin later he would give them the rest.
After some deliberation with the brothers, Father Sorin accepted the land and the challenge, on the bishop's condition that he would found a college in two years. On November 16, Rev. Edward Sorin traveled to the chosen site with seven Holy Cross brothers. The rest of the community stayed in St Peters to continue the educational effort under the guide of Brother Vincent and a local priest, Fr.
Chartier, as promised to the bishop. The other five had ed the community since its arrival at St. That very afternoon Rev. Sorin and the Brothers went to investigate the lands they were given, and found them mantled with snow, softening and mellowing the harshness of the bare winter-frozen forest. The only buildings on campus was Rev.
Stephen Badin 's old Log Chapelwhich had until then used as an Indian mission and a church for local Catholics, the house of the Indian interpreter Charron and his wife, and a shed. Sorin described his arrival on campus in a letter filled with joy and hope to the Superior General Rev.
Everything was frozen, and yet it all appeared so beautiful. The lake, particularly, with its South Bend rising lady of snow, resplendent in its whiteness, was to us a symbol of the stainless purity of Our August Lady, whose name it bears; and also of the purity of soul which should characterize the new inhabitants of these beautiful shores.
Our lodgings appeared to us-as indeed they are-but little different from those at St. We made haste to inspect all the various sites on the banks of the lake which had been so highly praised. Yes, like little children, in spite of the cold, we went from one extremity to the other, perfectly enchanted with the marvelous beauties of our new abode.
The next day, November 27, they took formal possession of the site; this led to the confusion on the exact day of the founding of Notre Dame, whether November 26 or the 27th. Both dates were referenced as the official foundation date in later documents, and the confusion remains. The task that Rev. At the time St. Joseph County was small around 6, to 7, persons and largely unsettled, with South Bend barely reaching inhabitants; although in the following years it would experience substantial growth.
There were about twenty Catholic families, but no Catholic churches in the area, and anti-Catholic sentiment was spread among the populace. Sorin and his seven brothers three French and four Irish traveled miles north in one of Indiana's harshest winters. They followed the Wabash river, passing by Terre Haute. They split, and Sorin with the first group arrived in South Bend on the afternoon of November 26, The next day they visited the site with day-light, and took formal possession of the property.
At the time, the property only had three buildings: a log chapel built by Stephen Badin the original burned down in but a replica was built in South Bend rising lady, a small two-story clapboard building that was the home of the Potawatomi interpreter Charon, and a small shed. Of the acres, only 10 was cleared and ready South Bend rising lady cultivation, but Sorin stated that the soil was suitable for raising wheat and corn.
Peter's who were yet to come north. To build a second log cabin, and lacking the funds, they appealed to the people of South Bend to donate funds or their time. Thanks to the help from the locals, they were able to assemble the timber and erect the walls, and the Sorin and the brothers erected the roof and completed the cabin on March 19, While in Vincennes, Sorin had made plans with a local architect, Mr. Marsile, to have him come in the summer and start construction of a main building, but the architect did not show up.
Hence, Sorin and the brothers constructed Old Collegea two story brick building that served as dormitory, bakery, and classrooms. This building was instrumental in accommodating the growing community. Peter's to Notre Dame. Badin's log chapel was hence converted into a carpenter's shed and residence for the Brothers, while the cabin served as chapel and sister's residence. Sorin also constructed a makeshift wooden novitiate for the Brothers on "The Island" the stretch of land between the two lakes, now site of Columba Hallbut the novitiate was soon moved to Indianapolis on the insistence of the bishop.
With Old College ready, the college officially opened to its first five students in the fall ofwith seven more arriving in the next months. The early curriculum focused mostly on readingwritingarithmetichistory and geographybut more sophisticated topics like LatinGreekFrenchmathematicsoratorybotanydrawingmusicand zoology were also taught.
When the architect Marsile finally arrived in AugustSorin proceeded to erect the first Main Building at the location of the third and present Main Building with a loan supplied by Samuel Byerley. The building, completed in and enlarged inconstituted the entire college until the construction of the second and larger Main Building in Notre Dame began as a primary and secondary school, but soon received its official college charter from the Indiana General Assembly on January 15, During the early years, Notre Dame faced many hardships.
Fires were relatively common and often disastrous. In the Manual Labor School was completely destroyed.
Inthe original log cabins the one built by Fr. Badin and the one built by Fr. Sorin inwhich were then being used as stables, burned and the farm equipment and storehouse were destroyed. A farmer who owned the ading property built a dam to power a mill, and this backed up water onto the land around and between the Notre Dame lakes and created a swampland, perfect for breeding flies and mosquitoes.
Sorin became convinced that the swamp was the source of malaria, cholera and typhus outbreaks that afflicted the college. Infollowing another two disease fatalities, Sorin convinced the farmer to sell him the land with the dammed stream, but the farmer hastily left town before completing the transaction. Enraged, Sorin sent a half-dozen of his strongest religious brothers to demolish the dam by hand. The farmer quickly sealed the deal under the original agreed-upon terms. The marsh was drained, the land dried up, and the diseases disappeared.
InRev. With each new president, new academic programs were offered and new buildings were built to accommodate these programs.
The original Main Building built by Fr. Sorin just after he arrived was replaced by a larger "Main Building" inwhich housed the university's administration, classrooms, and dormitories. Beginning ina library collection was started by Father Lemonnier. By it had grown to ten thousand volumes that were housed in the Main Building.
This Main Building, and the library collection, was destroyed by a fire on April 23, The entire building was destroyed, but the nearby church was spared. The school closed immediately and students were sent home. Eventually becoming known as Washington Hall, it hosted plays and musical acts put on by the school. As recounted in Notre Dame: Years"The sixty-five year old man walked around the ruins, and those who followed him were confounded by his attitude.
Instead of bending, he stiffened. There was on his face a look of grim determination. He aled all of them to go into the church with him. The presidency of Thomas E. Walsh — was focused on improving Notre Dame's scholastic reputation and standards. At the time, many students came to Notre Dame for its business courses only, and did not graduate. He started a " Belles Lettres " program, invited many notable lay intellectuals such as Maurice Francis Egan to campus. The construction of Sorin Hall saw the first freestanding residence hall on campus and one South Bend rising lady the first in the country to have private rooms for students, a project championed by Sorin and John Zahm.
The Law Schoolwhich had been founded inwas reorganized under the leadership of William J. Hoynes dean from to and when its new building was opened shortly after his retirement it was renamed in Hoynes' honor. John Zahm was the Holy Cross Provincial for the United States from towith overall supervision of the university.South Bend rising lady
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Basilica of the Sacred Heart (Notre Dame)