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You are here Healthy Trinity. A sexually transmitted infection STI; formerly called sexually transmitted disease or STD is caused by a virus, parasite, fungus, or bacterium that can be passed from one person to another through intimate or sexual contact. There are nearly 30 STIs in the world. Some can be cured, and some can only be treated by not cured. This section provides important information about the most common STIs. You can get an STI by having unprotected sex, or close sexual contact with an infected person. Unprotected sex means vaginal, anal or oral sex without using a condom.
Even if you have been with a partner for a while you may still be at risk because some infections don't have any symptoms. Some people have an infection without having any symptoms. The infection can still cause the person damage e. A member of a group of viruses called retroviruses, HIV infects human cells and uses the energy and nutrients provided by those cells to grow and reproduce.
HIV is usually transmitted through sexual activity. HIV can be transmitted by:. It is usually sexually transmitted.
It can also be passed from an infected mother to an unborn. The s and symptoms are both the same in both men and women. They can be difficult to recognise and may take up to three months to show after having sexual contact with an infected person. Syphilis has several stages. It is an inflammation inside the bladder. More than half of women will have it at some time. Many women suffer repeated episodes. Men get cystitis too but it is much less common.
The bacteria, which normally live in your bowel, can cause inflammation if they get into the urethra or bladder. Friction - sometimes the urethra can be damaged during sex. Make sure you empty your bladder completely when you pass water Always wipe your bottom from front to back to avoid spreading bacteria from the anus.
Avoid using perfumed soaps, deodorants, antiseptics or talc in the genital area. Once you have herpes it stays in the body and may become active from time to time. The first attack is usually the worst. Stress, illness, tight clothing, menstruation or direct sunlight on genital areas can trigger attacks. Some reoccurrences may have no obvious cause. There is no cure for herpes once you have it. Some tablets or certain creams can reduce the severity of the outbreaks.
Paracetamol may reduce the pain until the blisters heal.
Not every spot on the genitals is a wart, but it's good to get it checked if you think you may have been exposed to genital warts. It isn't considered an STI but can be passed sexually Thrush is caused by a yeast fungus called candida albicans, which is normally grown in harmless quantities in the rectum and vagina. Changes in pH levels in the vagina make it possible for the yeast to multiply and cause an infection.
Changes in the pH level can be caused by antibiotics, pregnancy, menstruation and stress. The yeast infection can be passed on sexually. You are here Healthy Trinity STIs This information is adapted from information from Health Service Executive - North Western Area A sexually transmitted infection STI; formerly called sexually transmitted disease or STD is caused by a virus, parasite, fungus, or bacterium that can be passed from one person to another through intimate or sexual contact.
How do you get an STI? How do you know if you have an STI? You might show some of the following s: Unusual discharge from the vagina. Sores or blisters near the vagina, penis or anus. Rash or irritation around the vagina, penis or anus. Pain or burning feeling when you pee. Peeing very frequently or more often than usual. It makes your vagina itch. If you have sex with someone who is infected with an STI and if you think you might be infected, even if you don't have any symptoms, go and have a check up.
Clinics take place twice a week at the Student Health Centre. How to protect yourself from infection? You should always practice save sex Always use a condom Oral sex can pass on some STI's so use a flavoured condom or dental dam. If you use sex toys don't share them unless they're protected by a condom and cleaned after each use. What is AIDS?
AIDS acquired immunodeficiency syndrome is a disease in which the body's immune system breaks down and is unable to fight off certain infections, known as "opportunistic infections," and other illnesses that take advantage of a weakened immune system. When a person is infected with HIV, the virus enters the body and lives and multiplies primarily in the white blood cells. These are the immune cells that normally protect us from disease. As the virus grows, it damages or kills these and other cells, weakening the immune system and leaving the individual vulnerable to various infections and other illnesses.
How is it passed on? Always practice safe sex or safer sex. Always use clean needles always go to a reliable practitioner for body piercing, ear-piercing, tattooing or for having acupuncture or electrolysis done and ideally do not share. Always treat spillages of blood as if they were infected. What is safer sex? Any sexual activity where there is no transfer of semen, vaginal fluids or blood is considered safe: for example, hugging, kissing, masturbation.
Any sexual activity, which reduces the risk of these fluids getting into, another body is safer than not taking precautions. Sexual intercourse is safe if neither partner has the virus, shares needles or has unsafe sex outside that relationship. Can I get HIV from oral sex? Oral sex mouth or tongue genitals may be less risky than anal or vaginal sex, but not entirely safe.
The risk increases if there are cuts or sores on the vagina, penis, mouth or throat or if the women are menstruating having a period. To make oral sex safer, a condom or dental dam can be used. What about other sources? Ordinary everyday contact with a person living with HIV is considered perfectly safe.
There is a possible risk from sharing toothbrushes and razors. It is therefore advisable not to share them with others. You can not get HIV from swimming pools, insect bites, sharing cutlery or cups, sharing the same washing or toilet facilities. There is no risk from giving blood.
Do condoms prevent HIV? A condom, properly used can help prevent the spread of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections. Condoms are the only protection against HIV for penetrative sex. They do not however offer complete protection. Check the safety standard symbols and expiry date. Use water-based lubricants only. Back to top Gonorrhoea What is it?
It is a bacterial infection. It is usually transmitted and can infect the cervix, uretha, rectum, anus and throats. Symptoms It is possible to be infected with gonorrhoea and have no symptoms. Men are far more likely to notice symptoms than women.Looking for a realiable female for oral and anel
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