Added: Remus Bulter - Date: 08.10.2021 05:07 - Views: 43012 - Clicks: 5525
Abraham Lincoln was the 16th president of the United States and is regarded as one of America's greatest heroes due to his role as savior of the Union and emancipator of enslaved people. His rise Friends first maybe Lincoln humble beginnings to achieving the highest office in the land is a remarkable story. Lincoln was assassinated at a time when his country needed him to complete the great task of reunifying the nation.
His eloquent support of democracy and insistence that the Union was worth saving embody the ideals of self-government that all nations strive to achieve. Lincoln's distinctively humane personality and incredible impact on the nation have endowed him with an enduring legacy.
Thomas was a strong and determined pioneer who found a moderate level of prosperity and was well respected in the community. The couple had two other children: Lincoln's older sister Sarah and younger brother Thomas, who died in infancy.
When young Lincoln was nine years old, his mother died of tremetol milk sickness at age 34, on October 5, The event was devastating to him, and young Lincolngrew more alienated from his father and quietly resented the hard work placed on him at an early age.
She was a strong and affectionate woman with whom Lincoln quickly bonded. In Indiana, the family "squatted" on public land to scrap out a living in a crude shelter, hunting game and farming a small plot. It was while growing into manhood that Lincoln received his formal education — an estimated total of 18 months — a few days or weeks at a time. Reading material was in short supply in the Indiana wilderness. Neighbors recalled how Lincoln would walk for miles to borrow a book. In Marchthe family again migrated, this time to Macon County, Illinois. When his father moved the family again to Coles County, year-old Lincoln struck out on his own, making a living in manual labor.
Lincoln was six feet four inches tall, rawboned and lanky, but muscular and physically strong. He spoke with a backwoods twang and walked with a long-striding gait. He was known for his skill in wielding an ax and early on made a living splitting wood for fire and rail fencing. Young Lincoln eventually migrated to the small community of New Salem, Illinois, where over a period of years he worked as a shopkeeper, postmaster and eventually general store owner.
It was there that Lincoln, working with the public, acquired social skills and honed storytelling talent that made him popular with the locals. When the Black Hawk War broke out in between the United States and Native Americans, the volunteers in the Friends first maybe Lincoln elected Lincoln to be their captain.
He saw no combat during this time, save for "a good many bloody struggles with the mosquitoes," but was able to make several important political connections. InLincoln began his political career and was elected to the Illinois Friends first maybe Lincoln legislature as a member of the Whig Party.
It was around this time that he decided to become a lawyer, teaching himself the law by reading William Blackstone's Commentaries on the Laws of England. After being admitted to the bar inhe moved to Springfield, Illinois, and began to practice in the John T. Stuart law firm. InLincoln partnered with William Herndon in the practice of law. Though the two had different jurisprudent styles, they developed a close professional and personal relationship.
Lincoln made a good living in his early years as a lawyer, but found that Springfield alone didn't offer enough work, so to supplement his income, he followed the court as it made its rounds on the circuit to the various county seats in Illinois. Lincoln was married to Mary Todd on November 4, Todd was a high-spirited, well-educated woman from a distinguished Kentucky family. Inthe engagement was suddenly broken off, most likely at Lincoln's initiative.
Mary and Lincoln met later at a social function and eventually married in Before marrying Todd, Lincoln was involved with other potential matches. Aroundhe purportedly met and became romantically involved with Anne Rutledge. Before they had a chance to be engaged, a wave of typhoid fever came over New Salem and Anne died at age Her death was said to have left Lincoln severely depressed.
About a year after the death of Rutledge, Lincoln courted Mary Owens. The two saw each other for a few months and marriage was considered. But in time, Lincoln called off the match. Lincoln served a single term in the U. House of Representatives from to His foray into national politics seemed to be as unremarkable as it was brief. He was the lone Whig from the state of Illinois, showing party loyalty, but finding few political allies.
Lincoln used his term in office to speak out against the Mexican-American War and supported Zachary Taylor for president in His criticism of the war made him unpopular back home and he decided not to run for second term, but instead returned to Springfield to practice law. By the s, the railroad industry was moving west and Illinois found itself becoming a major hub for various companies.
Lincoln served as a lobbyist for the Illinois Central Railroad as its company attorney. Success in several court cases brought other business clients as well — banks, insurance companies and manufacturing firms.
Lincoln also worked in some criminal trials. In one case, a witness claimed that he could identify Lincoln's client who was accused of murder, because of the intense light from a full moon. Lincoln referred to an almanac and proved that the night in question had been too dark Friends first maybe Lincoln the witness to see anything clearly. His client was acquitted. As a member of the Illinois state legislature inLincoln supported the Whig politics of government-sponsored infrastructure and protective tariffs. This political understanding led him to formulate his early views on slaverynot so much as a moral wrong, but as an impediment to economic development.
InCongress passed the Kansas-Nebraska Actwhich repealed the Missouri Compromiseallowing individual states and territories to decide for themselves whether to allow slavery. The law provoked violent opposition in Kansas and Illinois, and it gave rise to the Republican Party. This awakened Lincoln's political zeal once again, and his views on slavery moved more toward moral indignation.
Lincoln ed the Republican Party in Inthe Supreme Court issued its controversial Dred Scott decisiondeclaring African Americans were not citizens and had no inherent rights. Though Lincoln felt African Friends first maybe Lincoln were not equal to whites, he believed America's founders intended that all men were created with certain inalienable rights.
Lincoln decided to challenge sitting U. Senator Stephen Douglas for his seat. In his nomination acceptance speech, he criticized Douglas, the Supreme Courtand President James Buchanan for promoting slavery and declared "a house divided cannot stand. Senate campaign against Douglas, he participated in seven debates held in different cities across Illinois. The two candidates didn't disappoint the public, giving stirring debates on issues ranging from states' rights to western expansion, but the central issue was slavery. Newspapers intensely covered the debates, often times with partisan commentary.
In the end, the state legislature elected Douglas, but the exposure vaulted Lincoln into national politics. With his newly enhanced political profile, inpolitical operatives in Illinois organized a campaign to support Lincoln for the presidency. Chase of Ohio.
Lincoln's nomination was due in part to his moderate views on slavery, his support for improving the national infrastructure, and the protective tariff. In the general election, Lincoln faced his friend and rival, Stephen Douglas, this time besting him in a four-way race that included John C. Lincoln received not quite 40 percent of the popular vote, but carried of Electoral College votes, thus winning the U. Following his election to the presidency inLincoln selected a strong cabinet composed of many of his political rivals, including William Seward, Salmon P.
Chase, Edward Bates and Edwin Stanton. Formed out the adage "Hold your friends close and your enemies closer," Lincoln's Cabinet became one of his strongest assets in his first term in office, and he would need them as the clouds of war gathered over the nation the following year. In the early morning hours of April 12,the guns stationed to protect the harbor blazed toward the fort aling the start of the U.
Crushing the rebellion would be difficult under any circumstances, but the Civil War, after decades of white-hot partisan politics, was especially onerous.
From all directions, Lincoln faced disparagement and defiance. He was often at odds with his generals, his Cabinet, his party and a majority of the American people. On January 1,Lincoln delivered the Emancipation Proclamationreshaping the cause of the Civil War from saving the Union to abolishing slavery.
The Union Army's first year and a half of battlefield defeats made it difficult to keep up morale and support strong for a reunification of the nation. And the Union victory at Antietam on September 22,while by no means conclusive, was hopeful, giving Lincoln the confidence to officially change the goals of the war. On November 19,Lincoln delivered what would become his most famous speech and one of the most important speeches in American history, the Gettysburg Address.
Addressing a crowd of around 15, people, Lincoln delivered his word speech at one of the bloodiest battlefields of the Civil War, the Gettysburg National Cemetery in Pennsylvania. The Civil War, Lincoln said, was the ultimate test of the preservation of the Union created inand the people who died at Gettysburg fought to uphold this cause.
A common interpretation was that the President was expanding the cause of the Civil War from simply reunifying the Union to also fighting for equality and abolishing slavery. But bythe Confederate armies had eluded Friends first maybe Lincoln defeat and Lincoln was convinced he'd be a one-term president. His nemesis, George B. McClellanthe former commander of the Army of the Potomac, challenged him for the presidency, but the contest wasn't even close. Lincoln received 55 percent of the popular vote and of Electoral votes. On April 9,General Robert E.
The Civil War was for all intents and purposes over. Reconstruction has already began during the Civil War as early as in areas firmly under Union military control, and Lincoln favored a policy of quick reunification with a minimum of retribution. He was confronted by a radical group of Republicans in the Senate and House that wanted complete allegiance and repentance from former Confederates.
Before a political debate had any chance to firmly develop, Lincoln was assassinated. He was taken to the Petersen House across the street and laid in a coma for nine hours before dying the next morning. His death was mourned by millions of citizens in the North and South alike. Lincoln's body lay in state at the U.Friends first maybe Lincoln
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